Description Videos Reviews Obtaining the optimum clamping force is especially critical in small displacement engines employing high compression pistons (like the ones in a Cooper) or power adders like a head or bigger turbo. That's why ARP head studs are popular among leading Sport Compact/Import racers. You should know that ARP uses a premium grade 8740 alloy that is rated far superior to "aircraft" quality. Then, each stud is precisely heat-treated to 200,000 psi. Following heat treat, each stud is centerless ground to make it as close to perfectly concentric as possible. This procedure involves about ten very slight cuts and results in an exceptionally straight part. It's important to note that lesser quality studs are not even centerless ground, the material is thread rolled in bar stock form (mostly before heat-treat, when the material is easier to machine). ARP studs are thread rolled after heat-treat, which gives them about 1000% (that's ten times) better fatigue strength than those studs that are threaded prior to heat-treat. You will also note that ARP offers specially undercut studs for several engines. This procedure (done only to the shorter studs) equalizes the "stretch" of the studs, which makes for a more consistent clamping force. This helps prevent blown head gaskets, and assures optimum sealing! Premium parallel ground washers and assembly lube are also included with each kit. Note: You will need a 12 point, 8mm & 13mm socket. A 4mm allen socket, extensions, & 3/8 drive torque wrench. Instructions Download Special Presentation: How ARP Fasteners Are Made Video Series Part 1/3 V8TV Installation Available: http://v8speedshop.com/contact http... Special Presentation: How ARP Fasteners Are Made Video Series Part 2/3 V8TV #musclecar #v8tv Installation Available: http://v8speedshop... Special Presentation: How ARP Fasteners Are Made Video Series Part 3/3 V8TV https://www.v8speedshop.com/contact - It's no secret that ARP ... Why Use ARP Ultra-Torque Fastener Assembly Lubricant Always Read the Instructions! We know the first thing most people do is throw away the instr... 1 Review 5 ARP Head Bolts Posted by Alan on 30th Jan 2020 Most reliable bolts on the market.